The feelings of sadness are part of human emotions, so it is natural to feel down sometimes. However, if that low mood lingers for weeks, months, or even years, then it could mean that it is not just a regular feeling of sadness and it may indicate the mental illness called as depression.
Depression is an episode of sadness or apathy along with some other symptoms that would last at least two consecutive weeks and might be severe enough to interrupt an individual’s daily activities. This is a common mental disorder wherein there are more than 300 million people of all ages suffer from this condition, which is according to the World Health Organization.
Knowing this, as an adult vulnerable from various stressors, what does depression look like in this age? And what actions could you possibly do? Here’s how:
What are the Symptoms of Depression?
Technically speaking, depressive disorders are typically defined as a persistent low mood, enjoyment, and loss of interest, which causes varying levels of occupational and social dysfunction. But there are also other symptoms that would go along with it; thus, here are the symptoms of depression to look out for in yourself or loved ones.
- Changes in appetite
- Loss of interest in activities or hobbies
- Lack of energy
- Feelings of worthlessness, inadequacy, guilt, and hopelessness
- Difficulty in concentration or indecisiveness
- Suicide ideation
There are different types of depression that an individual could have, and one of them is the major depressive disorder which is characterized but the presence of at least five symptoms wherein it may be classified along a spectrum from mild to severe. In severe episodes, psychotic symptoms might be included, like hallucinations, paranoia, or functional incapacitation.
On the other hand, subthreshold or called as the minor depression is characterized by the presence of at least two to four depressive symptoms, which includes anhedonia or depressed mood which an individual might feel greater than two weeks in duration.
Lastly, is the persistent depressive disorder or dysthymic disorder is characterized by a duration of at least two years with three or four dysthymic symptoms for more than days than not. The signs of this type of depression are low self-esteem, poor concentration, appetite change, sleep disturbances, and hopelessness.
What is it Really Like in Daily Life?
So, you know the symptoms, maybe you have already memorized it in your head, but can you see a distinction in the changes of someone close to you or especially with yourself? How do you look at these symptoms in real life? Here are some of the examples of different setups so that you may be able to understand more about the transition in a depressed individual.
Symptoms at Home
- You notice a drastic change in your weight like your pants are getting very tight or loose which indicates a sustained change in appetite.
- Differences in how much time you complete a task. For example, you used to achieve a painting or finish reading in an hour or more, but now it takes all day and the following week. This indicates a serious lack of energy or a loss of interest.
- You feel restless no matter how early you go to bed and have a proper sleep.
- Everything seems gray, dull and without vitality
- It takes everything you’ve got to get off on your bed and take care of basic needs or errands
Symptoms at Work
- You feel unsatisfied even with positive happenings like a promotion.
- Indecisiveness in smallest decisions like what you want to eat that paralyzes up or hours.
- You feel worthless in everything you do even though you’re working hard
- It is hard to stay put at your desk, so you feel antsy and agitated about it.
- You have broken down crying for more than once this week at work.
What Can You Do About It?
Hopefully, you have now grasped the idea of what’s it like to have depression. Now, let’s go to the possible actions that you can take for this mental disorder.
Medication. There are available effective treatments for moderate and severe depression, such as antidepressant medication like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants.
During this period, there might be felt side-effects like nausea, insomnia, weight gain, and other unpleasant symptoms that has tempted people to stop taking the medication. However, it is essential to stick with it since it may take another 8 to 10 weeks for a patient to realize its full benefits.
Therapy. Healthcare providers may offer psychological treatments like CBT or cognitive behavioral therapy, behavioral activation, and IPT or interpersonal psychotherapy. CBT and the IPT are commonly recommended for children and adolescent with depression, but many adults also use this approach since it improves social functioning and personality issues.
Depression in adults is not easy since most of the time, we already have our plates full from work and personal affairs. However, this mental condition shouldn’t be taken lightly, so if you found yourself having these symptoms or see some changes with your loved ones, try to understand and seek help from a doctor.
Lastly, help out through having a balanced lifestyle and knowing more about depression and its treatment. You could visit https://www.pharmaquotes.com to know more about its medications and read some articles about depression.